Just like humans, pets have an endocannabinoid system just like that will respond to CBD and cannabis products similarly to humans.
The endocannabinoid receptors that make up the ECS play a role in managing our pets’ appetite, pain-sensation, mood, memory, and in regulating the effects of things like THC and CBD1.
THC and CBD are two major compounds known as cannabinoids. They are found in the cannabis plants and are responsible for the majority of the medicinal benefits that pets can experience. THC has anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and appetite-stimulating properties, but is also the compound that makes you feel high. CBD, on the other hand, is non-intoxicating and won’t get users high. CBD has many medicinal benefits including anti-inflammatory, antipsychotic, antioxidant, and anticonvulsant properties2.
But there is an important detail that dog owners, in particular, must know: there is a greater concentration of cannabinoid receptors in the brain of a dog than there are in other animals or humans.
This higher concentration of cannabinoid receptors in a dog’s brain can make them develop a bad reaction to THC such as poisoning. If your dog unexplainably starts vomiting, becomes lethargic, develops diarrhea and has problems standing; then, you may be facing THC poisoning! Dogs can develop a condition called static ataxia from a THC overdose which makes them unable to preserve equilibrium while standing3.
Some claim that THC can kill your dog. According to a study published by the Journal of Topics in Companion Animal Medicine explained that the minimum lethal oral dose for THC, in dogs, is 3 g/kg body weight4.
Dogs can benefit from very low amounts of THC; but, you need to be very careful as the dose just needs to be delicately controlled. It should be just enough to offer medicinal benefits but not enough to get the dog high. Of course, the THC dose should never be even remotely near the level for an overdose.
It’s also worth noting that drug interactions can happen with CBD oil for dogs. Therefore, if your pet is taking other medications, talk to your vet about drug interactions before you start using CBD for your pet.